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credit: girlsjustwannahaveguns.com

All the articles in this series may be found by entering “guns and liberty 2023” into the SMM homepage search bar.

Having worked through the decision to be armed, and having accepted the responsibility for the protection of self and loved ones, the next step is the choice of an appropriate cartridge and handgun.  Let’s presume, gentle readers, you’ve decided on a handgun/cartridge combination. Now comes a surprisingly difficult matter: choosing how to carry the handgun.

Virtually all long-time gun owners that daily carry their handguns have a box–-or boxes–-full of holsters, magazine pouches, and related gadgets that have been tried and put aside for something new, something more comfortable, lighter, or simply better. It’s part of the process, and part of the fun, and it’s absolutely necessary. Regardless of the good intentions and advice of others, it’s difficult to know what will work for you until you’ve had the chance to try it, and there are no loaners.


What should guide one’s choice of a holster? What will be comfortable, concealable, and most importantly, what will you actually wear every day?  A holster that looks great but just doesn’t fit your body or life will be of little use. There are several primary categories of holsters useful for concealed carry, but much depends on the individual–-not only their preferences but their anatomy, their unique biomechanics, their lifestyle, the climate and their weapon. Generally, those living in predominantly hot climates have fewer choices than those who live in cold climates, as vests, coats and jackets can effectively cover a wider variety of weapon/holster combinations than a shirt.  Shoulder holsters, for example, while looking sexy on James Bond, are generally not a great choice in hot climates.  As it is best to carry only one gun, it is best to always carry it in the same holster at the same place on the body. Adding accessories such as lasers, laser/light combinations or lights also complicates and limits holster choices.

S&W Performance Center Shield Plus

More recently, small red—and green–dot slide-mounted electronic sights have become popular.  Such handguns normally require specifically made holsters, but handguns fitted with such sights tend to have a greater range of holsters available than handguns fitted with accessories mounted under the frame/in front of the trigger guard.

Keep in mind too when concealment is the primary concern, speed must necessarily take second place.  Our contemporary gunslingers—uniformed police officers—wear their handguns on their hips.  Many use security (AKA: “anti-snatch”) holsters that make it difficult for bad guys to simply pull their handguns straight up and out of their holsters.  Such holsters commonly require the user to perform one additional step between releasing the thumbsnap and drawing the weapon, a movement that releases an internal retention catch, before being able to draw the weapon.  Of necessity, this slows the draw, but it’s a reasonable balance between safety and speed, which is always a concern for uniformed officers.

While a patrol officer, I put aside fifteen minutes every day on our indoor range before my shift began to practice basic drawing and presentation drills.  Because of this daily practice, I was consistently faster—much faster—than my fellow officers, because none did the same practice (most cops are not gun people).  As a detective, I did the same thing, but even though my concealed carry holster held the weapon in place only through friction—I did not have to release a thumbsnap or engage in any other contortions—I was measurably slower on the draw due to the necessity of clearing the drawing path of a sport coat during the presentation (as in drawing and aiming the handgun, AKA weapon presentation).

While on duty, I never buttoned my sport coat, which if buttoned would have slowed the draw even more and would have more obviously “imprinted” the gun against the fabric of the sport coat.  The same was true off duty where my choice of holster—primarily pancake or inside the waistband—made my handgun even more concealable, but slightly slower on the draw.  Regardless of the cold, I always left my jacket or coat unbuttoned. As cold bothers me little or not at all, this was not a problem, but it may be for some people.

The good news is there are more companies making more holsters of all kinds than ever before, and competition leads to innovation and lower prices.  Very popular these days are holsters molded of various polymers—sometimes called “Kydex”–which can be very good and sometimes reasonably inexpensive.  Circa 2023, quality leather holsters tend to be pricy.  Spending time on the Internet can be helpful in holster searches.

Here are some common options:

BELT HOLSTERS: There are two predominant types: inside the waistband—IWB—and outside the waistband—OWB.  Both types come in a variety of materials and configurations.  IWB holsters tend to be the most concealable, but OWB holsters are faster and more accessible.  They attach to a belt by means of various clips, slots or paddles.  Among them, common “pancake” (so called because of their general shape and the way the tend to lay “flat” against the body) holsters hold the weapon close to the body, but are marginally slower to draw than holsters that are not so body-hugging.

This leather “pancake” style holster from DeSantis, available through DeSantis, and a variety of other outlets for about $83 dollars has a clever security/release mechanism.  Notice that the leather is carefully molded to the shape of the handgun.  This design type is nearly as concealable as IWB holsters. The primary drawback with any leather holster is when the gun is drawn, the holster tends to collapse–particularly any holster that has been worn for some time–making it difficult to re-holster one-handed.

Alien Gear Roswell OWB

Alien Gear makes a variety of excellent polymer holsters. The model depicted above is the Roswell OWB holster.  Note this particular holster is designed for slide-mounted electronic sights, and fully encloses and protects the lens housing. I carry and recommend this holster. At only $39.88, it’s an excellent value.

Another of my favorite holster makers is Bladetech. They, like Alien Gear, have an extensive line of holsters and other goodies, such as:

Bladtech Total Eclipse OWB

This is the Total Eclipse holster, which is essentially a pancake holster in plastic. It is convertible to an IWB holster.  Lighter than a leather holster, it does not collapse when the handgun is drawn, but care must always be taken in holstering with any holster. Many negligent discharges occur when holstering and a finger or clothing snag the trigger. As this is written, it sells for $50.04.

Bladetech Ultimate Carry belt

 This is the Ultimate Carry Belt, which I use, and recommend for carrying larger, heavier OWB holsters, mag pouches and other equipment. It’s polymer reinforced, and has a unique ratchet system that makes adjustment, and release easy and fast. It comes in nylon and leather, in several colors and buckle types.  It retails for $69.99, which seems high, but it’s a quality product, it works, and will surely last for many years.

Blade Tech Total Eclipse

This is a Blade Tech Total Eclipse double mag holder, which retails for about $35.00, though as this is written is on sale for $26.94. It is small, light, and slips over the belt with two solid, but flexible belt retention clips.  I often carry this model and appreciate it.  It’s thoughtfully designed and well made of strong and light materials.  It has a tensioning screw that adjusts the amount of pressure holding the magazines in place.  Blade Tech also makes a variety of other types, in single and double configurations.

You may have noticed I use equipment from a variety of sources. Brand loyalty is fine, but you’ll have to figure out what works for you. For daily carry, a simple 1.5” wide nylon belt from Cabela’s works for me, but I’m only carrying a Glock 43X IWB, and two magazines. A heavier weapon and magazines would likely require a stouter belt.

Again, keep in mind that handguns with added aftermarket accessories, such as higher profile sights, laser sights, flashlights, etc. will not fit standard holsters, most of which are designed for standard handgun models configured as they leave the factory. However, laser manufacturers such as Crimson Trace  sometimes market holsters by various manufacturers that fit handguns equipped with their laser and flashlight devices.  They do not provide holsters for every possible combination of handgun/accessory, but some of the most popular and likely combinations.

Glock 17 with Railmaster Pro (left side view)

This is a Glock 17 equipped with a Crimson Trace Railmaster Pro laser/light combination.   I’ve also equipped a Glock 19 with that unit, which is compact, rugged, weighs little and works well.  The problem is virtually no one makes a dedicated holster for it.

Glock 19 with Alien Gear Holster

Alien Gear did for a short time in late 2020, but apparently quit after that production run.  During that time, I obtained holsters from a G19 and a G17. My article on just such a holster is available here.  A variety of more generic tactical holsters designed for light-equipped handguns will fit weapons so equipped, but they’re not usually concealment holsters. As I previously mentioned, it will be harder to find holsters for handguns equipped with frame rail-mounted lights and lasers, but they’re out there.

For those interested in working with their hands, there is another option:

This is a OWB holster I made for a Glock 43X with a Crimson Trace LL-803 light/laser unit. I couldn’t find quite what I wanted, so whipped this one up.  I have about $10.00 in materials in it, and it perfectly fits the handgun/light-laser combination.  This combination is sufficiently small and light to work well with a moderately stiff 1.5” nylon belt, such as the 5.11 Double Duty TDU Belt, which retails at $28.00.

Bladetech TDU Belt

This belt is more substantial and stiffer than my daily Cabela’s belt, but not as stiff or heavy as the Bladetech Ultimate Carry Belt.

NOTE: A simple trick that will help to condition and ease the draw with leather and polymer holsters, and magazine carriers, is from time to time, treating their interiors with silicon spray.  I use the WD40 brand, available at Home Depot, and surely, elsewhere.

Do not use the ubiquitous WD-40 penetrant.  WD-40 is not a lubricant; it’s a solvent It will dissolve things, including plastic.  For polymer holsters, silicone spray will help to overcome the inherent friction of molded-in retention devices, but will not allow the handgun to accidentally separate from the holster.  Because of its absorbent qualities, more silicon will usually be required for leather, and will help keep it supple.

Generally, OWB-type holsters require a substantial leather or nylon belt to keep them in place and to keep the weight of the handgun from pulling the handgun/holster outward from the body.  By substantial, I mean something at least 1.5” wide, thicker and stiffer than belts whose primary purpose is making a fashion statement.  Most holster manufacturers also make a variety of specialized belts.  Absent a substantial belt, one can always pull a belt very tightly to achieve something of the same effect, but that does tend to turn one’s upper body red and interfere with breathing.

INSIDE THE WAISTBAND HOLSTERS: Made of leather, Cordura (the same synthetic material from which high quality backpacks are made) and nylon or polymer, these are among the most effective concealment holsters as they minimize the appearance of a handgun and hold it as close to the body as possible, between the waistband of the pants and the body.  They are slightly slower to draw than pancake holsters, but for most people, drawing speed is not the primary concern.  They require a belt for proper support, to keep the handgun flat against the body, and to keep the pants from constantly sliding downward under the weight of a handgun.  Someone constantly pulling up one side of their pants is a dead giveaway they’re carrying.  Few, if any, have active retention devices as the pressure of the belt and waistband of the pants tend to keep the handgun firmly in place and a retention device would tend to pull the holster upward, also pulling up the pants, when drawing.

Alien Gear Roswell IWB

This is the Roswell IWB holster.  I use this holster for daily carry. It’s light, comfortable, and like the OWB holster, protects electronic sights. It too is $39.88.Interestingly, I got both Roswell holsters direct from Alien Gear in a two for one sale; both cost only $39.88.  It’s a good idea to keep checking one’s favorite equipment sites.

This is a DeSantis Pro Stealth inside the waistband holster which currently retails for $53.99. It features common ballistic nylon construction, and also has a magazine pocket. This type of holster is light and can be, for some people, more comfortable than polymer holsters, but the added weight of a magazine may cause one to have to pull up one’s pants more often. In terms of balance, a magazine on the other side of the body might be a better idea. Anyone carrying a semiautomatic handgun must carry at least one spare magazine. Magazines are usually the weakest link, and if a magazine fails, and there is no spare, you have a very hard to load single-shot handgun.

CAUTION: The photo of the DeSantis holster should call to mind one of the drawbacks of the IWB holster: sweat.  Because these holsters place the handgun directly against the body, particularly in hot climates where they may actually be in contact with skin, sweat can be a significant problem, requiring more frequent–probably daily–cleaning to remove it from the gun to prevent rusting.  Some IWB holsters feature material between the body and the entire grip, trigger guard and frame of the handgun, which helps with this problem. Stainless steel handguns, or weapons with polymer frames and hardened finishes, such as Glocks, are also less susceptible to rusting due to sweat, but it is always an issue with any handgun carried close to, or in contact with, the body. Cleaning any handgun so exposed must never be confined merely to wiping down the exterior. Interior parts are, in many cases, even more susceptible to rust. This probably doesn’t mean daily cleaning, but attention must be paid.

SHOULDER HOLSTERS: Made of leather, Cordura and nylon, polymer or combinations thereof, shoulder holsters are generally comfortable, particularly if balanced by two magazines on the opposite side of the body.  Even so, some people find them uncomfortable.  They do require loose fitting outer garments to properly conceal them and generally cost much more than other types of holsters.  In addition, one cannot take off the outer garments without revealing the very obvious holster harness and handgun.  They might look cool on TV cops, but that’s not reality.  They come primarily with vertical or horizontal holster orientations.  Vertical holsters are necessary for very large handguns and/or handguns with long barrels.

This is a DeSantis New York Undercover shoulder holster system made of leather.  It costs something over $200, because one must order the harness, magazine pouches, and other potential accessories.

Bianchi X-15 Shoulder Holster

This is a traditionally styled holster–the X-15–made by Bianchi (actually, Safariland; they bought out Bianchi, but they’ve kept the brand/model name because it has been on the market for decades and is very well known). It is an all-leather holster, and comes in sizes capable of holding even very large revolvers with 6” and longer barrels. Safariland’s price is $170 dollars, but I’ve seen it much cheaper from other outlets.  Handguns held in this orientation—particularly revolvers with 6” or longer barrels–are very top heavy and prone to falling out of the holster.  The X-15 has an internal retention spring, but the retention strap is also necessary.

Shoulder holsters made of nylon are generally much less expensive and lighter. They also have the advantage of being easy to clean and maintain.

Shoulder holsters are easy to don and remove, and allow the carrying of a handgun and two spare magazines in one convenient package, however, they are useful primarily in colder climates. They also tend to be less effective at concealment than other types of holsters. James Bond can get away with it because he carries a Walther PPK—a small handgun—and the director can adjust the camera angles that determine what one can see of his body, but for the rest of us, shoulder holsters aren’t nearly as effective at concealment as many other types of holsters.

FANNY PACKS: Usually made of Cordura, nylon, some combination of these or leather, these devices are normally worn with the pack on the front of the body or on the hip.  Depending on their release/opening mechanism, they may afford a rapid draw.  Some use zippers, other have various Velcro mechanisms whereby the shooter simply tears the Velcro seals open by grabbing and pulling the front of the pack, exposing the handgun.  Anyone wearing a pouch that opens by means of a zipper should thread a length of knotted parachute cord through the zipper tongue so it can be found easily by feel.

Obviously, fanny packs allow the convenient carrying of a handgun, magazines and other common items with little concern for wardrobe.  They are particularly comfortable in vehicles.  These are a particularly good choice for hot climates, but avoid units that place the belt release buckle on or near the back.  It’s far too easy for a bad guy to make off with the pack, thinking he’s getting a billfold, only to find an unexpected windfall.  If you know how to sew or have friends that do, it’s not hard to adjust even these packs to better position the release buckle to the side or front of the body.

This is a Bulldog BD850 fanny pack, available for $25.19 from Bulldog.  Like shoulder holsters, they allow handguns and magazines to be carried in an easily donned and removed package, but are far more concealable than shoulder holsters.  Be careful with such purchases.  This model is fit only for smaller handguns. Fortunately, manufacturers have recently concentrated on making small, yet powerful, concealment handguns, such as the Glock 43 or 43X. Though inexpensive, a holster like the Bulldog will work well with such handguns, and all have pockets for spare magazines and other items as well.

This is a DeSantis Gunny Sack.  DeSantis was among the first to popularize such holsters and produces a full line of excellent holsters and other accessories of all types.  The Gunny Sack, which can fit full sized duty handguns, currently retails for $109.99 from Desantis.

Fanny packs can be a very good choice for women, whose clothing options tend not to be as conveniently carry-friendly as those of men.  As I mentioned earlier, many belt holsters require a substantial leather or nylon belt to work properly, which in turn requires wide, substantial belt loops, something many women’s pants simply do not have.  In addition, women’s torsos tend to be shorter than men’s, making some belt holsters ride too highly for comfort.  A pancake holster that rides just above the waist on a man can put the butt of the handgun in a woman’s ribs or armpit. Women’s generally smaller waists, and hip angles, also make some holster types uncomfortable. An unobtrusive fanny pack accessorizes well with pants and skirts alike, as long as they’re not too formal, and can double as a small purse.  “Formal fanny pack” is probably something of an oxymoron.

Keep in mind that some police officers and tactically aware people will suspect anyone wearing a fanny pack is carrying a concealed weapon, but so many people carry them for reasons other than carrying handguns they generally draw little, if any, attention. I’ve worn a fanny pack on and off for decades and have yet to notice a police officer paying it any attention. Of course, I don’t look like a criminal.

POCKET HOLSTERS:  This type of holster is an outgrowth of the many small, light handguns—“pocket pistols,” commonly chambered in 380 ACP or smaller calibers—now on the market.  As long as pants aren’t too tight, they will neatly conceal a handgun.  Obviously, if a given handgun won’t easily fit in a pocket, such holsters won’t work.  This commonly relegates such holster/gun combinations to back pockets—certainly uncomfortable to sit on–or the thigh pockets of BDU-type (cargo) pants, which are now common. Some guns/holsters will fit in front pockets, but are generally much more obvious and less comfortable.

NOTE: Care should be taken to avoid too-tight pants, particularly when a pocket holster is carried in a back pocket.  It’s easy to inadvertently release the magazine of a semiauto pistol, which could be a nasty surprise in a crisis.

Such holsters are commonly made of Cordura and nylon or leather. Special care must be taken with them as they can tend to promote rust since the handgun is worn so closely to the body. The configurations of some of these holsters, combined with some handguns, conspire to make the imprint of the gun more obvious through clothing. Experimentation is the key, and the holsters tend to be so relatively inexpensive this is not normally a problem.

This is a DeSantis Nemesis pocket holster.  It’s a type designed to work only with small handguns.  The holster is available through Midway USA from $20.00 to $30.00 and also direct from DeSantis.

This is a pocket holster I made of Cordura.  Notice that it neatly fits a S&W bodyguard .380 ACP pistol and also holds one spare magazine.  Anyone with a decent sewing machine and basic sewing skill could make one.  Note also this kind of arrangement won’t work with a laser unit activated by a button on the front of the grip.  The magazine will activate the laser in the holster/pocket and quickly drain the battery.  You can guess how I figured that one out.

The holster is essentially a pouch with a double layer of Cordura and a thin layer of polyester batting between.  It is the same size as a common wallet, and works beautifully in most pants, particularly cargo types, where in the thigh pockets it is all but invisible.  No closure or retention device is necessary, as gravity and the pocket keep things in place.  It also has a pocket for a driver’s license and concealed carry license, etc.  I have about $5.00 in materials in the holster.  Sorry: I don’t have the time or inclination to make or market these, but anyone with basic sewing machine skills can easily fabricate one. This particular type of holster, looking like nothing more than a wallet, absolutely hides the shape of the handgun.

The primary weakness of such holsters is they are slow on the draw.  They must usually be withdrawn from the pocket to allow the handgun to be drawn or holstered; THIS IS A BASIC SAFETY ISSUE.  Again, it is too easy for the trigger finger to find its way into the trigger guard when holstering blind, and thrusting the handgun into the holster can cause a discharge. However, if the wearer is tactically aware—in condition yellow—as all who carry concealed must be, they should be able to anticipate the need for a handgun and old west fast draws will tend to be unnecessary.

For years I wore a Glock 43 in a homemade pocket holster in the thigh pocket of cargo pants, summer and winter.  While this doesn’t make for a lightning draw, it does offer many advantages, and does not draw any unwanted attention.  Why a pocket holster?  It’s just padded enough to keep the pocket from wearing out, and also keeps the handgun from printing.

REMINDER: I can’t say this enough–no one should carry a semiautomatic pistol without at least one spare magazine. The magazine is generally the weakest link, and a semiauto with a damaged magazine is little more than a very expensive and hard to load single shot pistol. Any decision on holsters must of necessity also be a decision about how to carry a magazine or magazines. Do not simply toss a loose magazine in a pocket, particularly a back pocket.  Sitting on it can easily damage it, and the pocket lint and other flotsam and jetsam in pockets can cause malfunctions.

GUN PURSES:  For those women that constantly carry a purse, the purpose-made concealment purse is a viable option.  They allow not only the carrying of the usual contents of any woman’s purse, but actually allow a reasonably rapid draw.

This model, The Distressed Leather Hobo Purse, is made by The Well Armed Woman. They have a wide variety of sizes, styles, materials and colors, ranging in price from $116 to $280 dollars.

Browning also markets a variety of concealed carry purses like this model, available from Amazon for $59.95.  Mrs. Manor has used this purse from time to time for several years.  After a little quick sewing alteration of the interior holster, she was happy with it.  Some purses not specifically made for handguns might also work well, or be easily altered. Amazon also carries other Browning models, as well as some other manufacturer’s purses. A variety of other holsters may be found there too, potentially cheaper than from some sources.

There are, however, a number of issues with purse holsters.  Once a handgun is placed in a purse, the character of the purse immediately changes.  It can’t be allowed out of one’s immediate grasp.  Purses are easily forgotten, lost, or stolen.  If you’re in a restaurant, you can’t simply put it on the floor near your chair.  It must be in your lap and the strap tucked under—or better, around–-your leg.  At work, if keeping it on your person is impractical, you must have a place to secure it.  Leaving it locked in a car tends to negate the reasons for carrying a handgun in the first place, and if it’s in a car, it can’t be visible from outside, as residents of San Francisco and similar places have come to understand.

You also have to be careful to load your purse so that nothing interferes with the acquisition and drawing of your handgun; this is why purpose-made gun purses, with their dedicated handgun pockets, are a good idea.  Keeping the handgun pouch clean and free of debris is also another mandatory concern.  Handguns carried this way tend to collect a great deal of dust and lint (and other mysterious, feminine substances), so may need more frequent cleaning.  This is generally a more serious issue for revolvers than semi automatic pistols.

Any handgun that is not directly carried on the body presents special safety concerns. This is illustrated by the tragic 2014 death of Veronica Rutledge, who was carrying a handgun in a purpose-made carry purse with a zippered compartment for the handgun. She left the purse unattended in a shopping cart, the gun zipped in the gun compartment, for just a few seconds, which was sufficient time for her two-year old son to retrieve the handgun and shoot her in the head, killing her instantly.

OTHER HOLSTERS:  There are a variety of other specialty holsters for a wide variety of weapons.  Among them are ankle holsters, which work best only for small and light weapons, and of course, require the wearing of appropriately loose fitting and long pants.  Other types include holsters attached to/integrated into elastic and/or Spandex wraps that allow them to essentially disappear against the body (header photo), holsters that position a handgun essentially in the front of the body below the waistline (these tend to make me a little nervous as parts to which I am attached—physically and emotionally–reside there), bra holsters, which position the handgun between the breasts, and which obviously work only for very small handguns, various vests, coats and similar articles of clothing with built-in holsters, and a variety of other clever types for special purposes.

NOTE: Whatever you do, don’t stick a handgun in the waistband without a holster, as so often happens on TV and in the movies. Gravity will inevitably send such weapons down your pants leg, and could even cause a negligent discharge, which will be bloody and embarrassing, and could lead to criminal charges.

PUBLIC RESTROOM ISSUES: Those that carry concealed weapons have another concern not shared by their unarmed friends: public restrooms.  Whichever kind of holster you carry, you must develop consistent habits to deal with the possibility you will misplace or lose your handgun.  This is a real problem in bathrooms.  Many years ago, one of my fellow officers left his Walther PPK in its holster on the tank of a toilet in a lawyer’s office bathroom.  When he realized his mistake and returned only a half hour later, it was gone.  It was never recovered.

If the handgun can remain on the belt or inside the pants, the problem is potentially solved, but never allow a handgun in its holster to sag below the level of the partitions between stalls; such things are easily grabbed when you’re in a very poor position to resist or pursue.  If a handgun is in a purse or fanny pack, simply hang it around your neck while conducting your—ahem—business, but make it quickly accessible.  Putting a purse or fanny pack on the floor is, again, an inducement to a quick snatch and dash, and don’t for a second doubt that many thieves look for just those opportunities. It’s also best to avoid carelessly dropping one’s handgun–-or anything else–-into the toilet. I know more than a few folks that have done that.  Employees of cell phone service provider stores have innumerable stories.

In addition, when engaged in a bathroom, you’re not in a great position to defend yourself.  Criminals know this too.  Again, always have your handgun in an easily accessible position, and if necessary, worry about cleaning up later.  I know: Eeeeuuuww!  Your mindset and willingness to immediately do what is necessary to end an attack at any time or place will determine your survival.  The rest is easily handled with soap and water.

FINAL THOUGHTS: Be cautious about buying holsters in the same shop where you purchased your handgun. Unless you’re certain their offerings are of the brand and type you want, you will probably end up with whatever the dealer has on hand, and relatively few shops have a large and diverse selection. Such holsters tend to be among those that will eventually be relegated to a box on a shelf. Of course, if they’re not expensive, there isn’t much harm done, and there is something to be said for the fun of experimentation.

With the Internet, it’s easy to search for and browse all manner of holsters and accessories, and the photos and information provided herein help to make informed decisions.  In looking for holsters for my laser/light equipped Glocks, I’ve often called or e-mailed manufacturers directly.  Sometimes, that has bourn fruit, sometimes not, but they’re usually glad to get back with you.

The final article in this series, dealing with flashlights, laser sights and other issues will be posted next week. Thanks for coming along on this journey, and I hope to see you there.