, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

In this, the sixth, updated, installment of this series, I continue posing and answering pertinent questions relating to deterring school attacks and stopping school shooters.  All the articles in this series may be found by entering “School Attacks 2022” into the SMM home page search bar.

credit: videoblocks


Only recently have architects begun designing schools for greater security, but more secure schools–-there is no such thing as an entirely secure school–-are massively expensive. In addition, the very nature of schools works against effective security.  Particularly in middle and secondary schools, teachers, students and others are constantly coming and going, and a large number of exterior access doors are mandated by fire codes and the realities of school design.  Crash bars are universally mandated on exterior school doors, and on most interior hallway doors as well, so no one can be accidently locked in a burning school. When these doors are combined with large panes of glass as they commonly are, it is a momentary matter to smash the glass to activate a crash bar, or merely to shoot out or through a window as the Newtown and Parkland killers did.

Let’s just do away with all the panes of glass! School staff need to be able to see what is going on in their hallways, not only when an attack is ongoing, but every day of the week, just as principals need to be able to see into classrooms.  And even common metal school doors don’t stop bullets.  Newtown and Parkland made that clear.  Bullet resistant doors are fiendishly expensive, and useless unless set in bullet resistant walls.

Put panic buttons in every room! Even if the police could respond the second a “panic” alarm sounded, they wouldn’t. Such systems have many false alarms, particularly in schools, where kids delight in pushing them, so the police will always have to confirm an alarm’s validity—to say nothing of figuring out why it was activated even if it were an emergency–-and it will always take them from 5 to 20 minutes to arrive—almost always closer to 20 than 5—which means only that: it takes them that long to arrive in the parking lot after they’ve received a dispatch. It always takes longer to enter a school, and in almost every case, the killer will have murdered as many as he pleased and killed himself -–or more rarely, escaped–-long before the police can confront him.  For rural schools, and others, police response time may be hours rather than minutes.

Replace regular glass with bullet-proof glass!   There is no such thing as “bullet-proof” glass, only bullet-resistant to various levels of protection.  Glass capable of stopping rifle rounds is very thick, and very, very expensive.  Glass capable of stopping handgun rounds is only somewhat less expensive.  Either simply costs too much for general use.  A sufficient number of rounds of the right power will defeat any such barrier.

Even if a school were designed with hardened doors, and no windows at all in walls or doors, this would only slightly delay a determined killer.  Doors can be breached in seconds with a crowbar, or a killer could simply drive a vehicle through a door or wall.  If they have explosives, there is little short of a bank vault door that will hold. If they’re plotting mass murder, such destruction is a small matter indeed.

The other problem, insurmountable for schools, is the issue of cost.  Adding metal doors and frames, metal detectors, a phalanx of video cameras—which require people to continually handle and monitor them (Marjorie Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, FL set their video monitors on a 20 minute (?!) delay)—and other hardening measures will only buy additional seconds at best.  These feel good, virtue signaling, measures are far too expensive, particularly since they provide so little actual protection and virtually no deterrence.

Metal detectors do not protect against anyone who intends to kill, and security guards are often the first killed, as was the case in March, 2005 at Red Lake High School in North Dakota. A 16 year-old student, who would surely want his name to be mentioned here, killed his grandparents at home, and using their guns, began his attack by easily killing the school’s only security guard, the sole armed adult in the school. The shooter killed a teacher and five students and wounded 14 others before briefly trading gunfire with the police and killing himself, in one of the few school attacks in which the police played at least some active part in stopping the attack.

Teacher Diane Schwanz managed to gather several students in her room and tried to hide on the floor as the killer banged on the door of her classroom.  In her case, he did not press the attack:

‘I just got on the floor and called the cops. I was still just half-believing it.’

Ashley Morrison, another student, had taken refuge in Schwanz’s classroom. With the shooter banging on the door, she dialed her mother on her cell phone. Her mother, Wendy Morrison, said she could hear gunshots on the line.

‘Mom, he’s trying to get in here and I’m scared,’ Ashley told her mother.

The Red Lake shooting also clearly illustrates the futility of putting one’s faith entirely in running, hiding and locking doors.  The mother of a student wounded in the attack said of her son’s experience:

He heard gunshots and the teacher said ‘No, that’s the janitor’s doing something,’ and the next thing he knew, the kid walked in there and pointed the gun right at him…

Strong locks and substantial classroom doors have some value, as do video systems, comprehensive intercoms and other security measures, but they are expensive and as such, are commonly set aside for other priorities, particularly with the ever-increasing costs of school construction and maintenance.  Schools seldom have large budgets, and this is particularly true of schools that have gone woke.  “Diversity and inclusion” counselors and administrators are expensive.

Good security design of school facilities can, in some circumstances, somewhat slow determined killers, but cannot stop them.  By all means, schools should employ these methods–-if they can afford them–-but that’s not the point.  The more capable and determined the shooter(s) the more likely it is that such passive methods will be of little or no value.

Parkland Victims

What actually works when these methods have failed, when a killer is in a school and ready to kill?  In the Red Lake shooting, Diane Schwanz and Ashley Morrison are alive today only because the killer—for whatever reason—chose not to break in her classroom door, or as in the Parkland, FL attack, shoot through it.  What parent wants to bet upon the whims of madmen for the lives of their children?


Anyone carrying a firearm must carry it on their person, invisible, safe and secure from theft.  Handguns can’t be locked in cabinets or safes, left in purses or desk drawers; they are not secure and will be useless if their owner is confronted by a deadly threat while thus unarmed.  A handgun in a lockbox in a teacher’s classroom is useless to the teacher confronted by a shooter in the hallways or on the playgrounds of their school. The most effective known weapons locked in an armory in the principal’s office suite are useless to people under attack, particularly if they don’t have the key because the principal has it, the principal at a meeting at the school district administration building, the principal sick at home, or the principal face down in an expanding pool of blood in a hallway, among the first shot by a murderer, because he too was unarmed.

It is difficult or impossible to detect a concealed handgun if it has been carefully chosen and concealed.   Carrying a firearm entails the absolute responsibility to keep it from unauthorized or dangerous persons.  This is true for anyone carrying a concealed weapon anywhere.  This is all a part of competent training, and requires changes in mindset, behavior and wardrobe.  Anyone interested in these issues might wish to visit my recent, updated series on the rationale for gun ownership, which deals with these issues, and more, in detail.  To find the most recent iteration of that series enter “Guns and Liberty 2022” in the search bar of the SMM home page.

S&W Bodyguard .380 ACP pistol with spare magazine and homemade pocket holster

However, where wardrobe is concerned, very little, if any, change might be necessary.  This is a Smith and Wesson Bodyguard .380 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol) caliber handgun.  With a spare magazine, it rests beside a simple Cordura–the type of fabric used in backpacks, fanny packs, etc.–pocket holster I made for it. With the handgun and spare magazine, the holster, which is nothing more than a pouch that easily fits in most pants pockets, measures only 4″ X 5 3/8″ and is only 7/8″ thick.  This makes the entire package the size of a common billfold, and its signature in a pant or coat pocket is no larger or more obvious.

Ruger LCP II, .380 ACP

The little Smith is a workable weapon for this application.  Not only is it small, light and very concealable, it comes with an integral laser sight, greatly enhancing accuracy at the kinds of ranges one would find in school shooting situations, and with one spare magazine, provides a total of 13 rounds.  Such a handgun, and many similar small handguns–-such as the Ruger LCP II, or the slightly larger Glock 43 in 9mm-–would be invisible to students or anyone else, yet immediately available when needed.

Glock 43 with Crimson Trace laser sight/flashlight and S&W Bodyguard

Carrying a concealed weapon, on or off school grounds, is not for everyone, but is not inherently, unreasonably dangerous.  When we leave our homes every morning, we assume a great many reasonable risks.  Driving represents one of the most real and serious risks we face every day, yet we tend to think nothing of it.  We trust average citizens each and every day with weapons far more destructive and deadly than handguns: automobiles.  Driving is the most complex, demanding task we regularly do, far more difficult than shooting, yet we require less training, less intensive background checks and less testing for drivers than we do for concealed carry, and think nothing of it.  Uniformed police officers carrying their weapons openly are far more likely to be the victim of an attempt to take their weapon than anyone discreetly carrying a concealed handgun in any setting.

Fortunately, there are experience models.  In all of the years of teachers carrying concealed handguns in Utah–the state with the longest record–there has never been an instance of a student using a firearm taken from a teacher.  For the last several years, Texas college campuses have been concealed carry zones. Despite the usual anti-liberty forecasts of blood running in the classrooms—and anti-gun protests featuring dildos(?!)–there have been no problems. While the theft of a handgun is always a possibility, all of life is a matter of balancing risks, of balancing the good against the bad.  The potentially life saving effects of concealed carry during a worst-case scenario school attack clearly outweigh, by an inestimable margin, the potential negative effects of a lost or stolen weapon.


Worse?!  Worse than what? Worse than active shooters, intent on killing as many students and teachers as quickly as possible?  Worse than terrorists feverishly wiring explosive charges?  When an armed attack on a school occurs, worse has arrived.  The only issue thereafter is how much worse?  How many will be injured or killed?  If the good guys have no immediate, effective response, if their only hope is calling the police and hoping there are enough officers on duty close enough to the school to keep the death toll acceptably low—whatever “acceptably” might be–-the numbers of dead will be determined by the lack of marksmanship, or the mercy of the killers.

Notice I wrote: “acceptably low.” The horrifying reality is when schools choose not to use the only effective means of stopping killers, they are tacitly accepting some unknowable number of injured and dead. Such numbers must be acceptable to them, or they’d take the necessary steps to prevent them, wouldn’t they?

Unlike feel good, virtue signaling gestures, arming teachers is one of the simplest and most effective measures that can have a positive effect if an attack occurs—ask the Israelis—as noted in the second article in this series.  If it never occurs, the school environment remains unaffected, except for the positive benefits of deterrence.

Teachers who hold concealed carry permits, or who live in a Constitutional Carry state, currently live a schizophrenic legal/professional existence.  Standing on the sidewalk in front of a school, they are trusted, upstanding citizens who have willingly, and at considerable expense in time and money, submitted to vetting by the state to exercise a fundamental, unalienable right: carrying a handgun in protection of themselves and others.  Step onto school property and they instantly become potentially crazed killers, liable for firing and lengthy jail sentences.  The determining factor: geography and irrational fear of inanimate objects.

Does the value of the life of a teacher or student change depending upon where he or she stands relative to a school property boundary?  Should children under the protection of their lawfully armed parents be deprived of that protection merely because they tread on school property?  Does a gun-free school zone sign confer magical protective properties on the real estate behind it, forcing the most deranged and homicidally determined to obey that inconsequential sign even as they doggedly prepare for mass murder?  Unless this kind of magic exists, the only thing worse than an armed attack is failing to prepare for it, and therefore, having no effective response when it occurs.


Most teachers wear identification badges and look a lot more like teachers than killers. Although I’m sure most of us can think of the occasional teacher who was the exception to that rule, police officers are trained to shoot only when absolutely sure of their targets.  Every police officer knows they are–-morally and legally–-absolutely responsible for every round they fire and they will frequently be required to walk into ambiguous situations.  They train for these scenarios.  They know they can’t indiscriminately shoot up anyone they see.  When officers know teachers will be armed, friendly fire incidents become less, rather than more, likely.

The proper training of armed teachers, in concert with police officers that might respond to an active shooter, will also make such “blue on blue” incidents far less likely.  The best safety method is not shooting until absolutely certain it’s justified.  This is true for the police and everyone else.

It is true police officers sometimes make mistakes and injure or kill innocents.  But again, the issue is one of balance.  Should the mere possibility of mistakes prevent us from providing the single most effective method of protecting the lives of teachers and children at school?  “I’m sorry Mrs. Smith, but we were worried that someone might get hurt, so when the killer shot your daughter, none of our staff were armed,” will not be a convincing argument, nor will Mrs. Smith be likely to be comforted–or forgiving.

credit: bostononlyricopera.blogspot.com


Teachers, by law and common sense, act in loco parentis: in the place of the parents.  It is this legal doctrine that gives teachers the authority to regulate behavior and discipline children just as their parents would.  It also gives them the responsibility to keep those children safe, just as their parents would.  A teacher’s primary job is to provide the best educational opportunity possible, but their responsibilities do not stop there.  If teachers do nothing to protect the lives of children when they are under deadly assault, or if they employ only weak, ineffective measures such as wielding little bats or throwing canned veggies, are they acting as the parents of those children would act?  Would their parents truly say: “This isn’t supposed to happen at school, so we’ll just act as though it didn’t happen; the school did everything possible, and these things happen.  It’s not their fault?”

Some argue if teachers are carrying handguns, they are somehow unable to do their jobs, which they must focus on every nanosecond.  Fortunately, there is nothing keeping teachers from being teachers until the moment they are forced to save lives. Carrying a concealed handgun does not in any way interfere. In that situation, they can afford to take a few minutes from their lessons.  In an attack, they don’t have a choice about the disruption of their lessons, but they do have a choice about how to respond—or not.  Saving lives just might be a duty of teaching too.  Kids and their parents just might be glad they did.


Schools must be safe and secure environments for children. Historically, this has been the case, but never has there been a clear and present–-and demonstrable–-danger like that we now face.  Never has it been more vital those responsible for the safety of children entrusted to them at school deal with that responsibility rationally and effectively.

Locks, doors, video, passive security measures are all nice to have–though most schools will not be able to afford them–but the question that each and every parent must ask is: “what will you do if our school is attacked?  How will you protect my child?” Unless the answer is to effectively deter attacks, and when deterrence fails, to immediately meet deadly force with deadly force, your children are “protected” only by rhetoric, good intentions, virtue signaling and small, metal signs.  School shooters have not, to date, been impressed, deterred or stopped by rhetoric, good intentions, virtue signaling or signage.

Virginia Tech Aftermath
credit: washingtonpost

The true gun free school zone message is we are not responsible for our own safety and security; someone else—-something else–-will somehow protect us.  This represents magical thinking: a thing is so because we say it is, because we sincerely wish it to be.  As Temporary President Biden said, “we choose truth over facts.”  Pity poor Virginia Tech Spokesman Larry Hincker, commenting on the defeat in the legislature, only a short time before the attack, of a bill that would have allowed students and faculty to carry firearms on campus:

I’m sure the university community is appreciative of the General Assembly’s actions because this will help parents, students, faculty and visitors feel safe on our campus.

One can only wonder how long Hincker and other college educrats “felt safe” at Virginia Tech, and whether they were capable of learning from that deadly mistake.  Feelings and reality are often quite different, an irony that one can only hope will haunt him, the Virginia Tech Administration and Faculty, and will certainly haunt the survivors of the victims for the rest of their lives.

The law-abiding carrying concealed weapons are never a threat, yet anti-liberty activists irrationally, insanely, fear them far more than the deadliest, most malicious murderer, who circa September, 2022, they tend to release onto the streets.

We are all, by law and common sense, responsible for our personal safety and the safety of those we love. Refusing to take affirmative measures to protect our charges and selves is an abrogation of responsibility and teaches weakness, helplessness and eternal, hopeless victimhood.  There is no morality, superior or otherwise, in victimhood, particularly if death defines it.

We have established gun free school zone policies to lull ourselves into the belief that such places are safe, to “send a message” about what we believe to be important, to advertise our belief in peace and safety and niceness.

Unfortunately, reality dictates that signs will be obeyed only by the law abiding and that they merely amuse, even encourage, those who would harm others.

There are truly evil people among us, and any one of us may have the misfortune to meet them at any time of the day or night. We pass such people on sidewalks, in parking lots every day.  They live in our neighborhoods, frequent the same stores and look like everyone else. Do we really want to teach children to ignore reality and rely only on feel good/feel safe measures in this, or any other situation?  Do we want them to be utterly unaware of the potential dangers of the world?

A recent focus in schools across the country is the prevention of bullying. Unproven programs are sold for incredible sums. There is little doubt that some children subjected to bullying, particularly where school authorities do nothing, suffer in various ways.  Several newer obsessions are Marxist political indoctrination, Critical Race Theory and various kinds of sexual grooming and indoctrination.  But if we are willing to devote so much energy and so many resources to dealing with such issues, issues where violent death is virtually never a consequence, why do we resist the carrying of concealed handguns, an issue that can be addressed at little or no cost to schools?  Why not take the logical, rational step of providing the only effective deterrent and method of quickly stopping killers?   It is surely reasonable to take prudent steps to prevent bullying and to effectively and immediately punish it when and where it occurs.  Why then are so many educators and others unwilling to address an even greater and more potentially deadly danger?

The message of a well-publicized and established concealed carry policy is adults know enough and care enough to stand ready to actually protect the lives of their students and themselves.  They deal with reality, not a utopian “oughta be” dream alive only in the minds of those that would deprive the innocent of the deterrence and protection that would save lives.


As regular readers know, I am a retired teacher of high school and college English.  I’ve been fortunate to have a quarter century of experience in this wonderful and vital.  These experiences have given me considerable insight into the culture of education.

Many educators, many of those in positions of authority in education, are Leftists to varying degrees.  As such, their views of those who own guns tend to run the gamut from disapproval to believing them barely sentient lunatics ready to kill the innocent at any moment for the most trivial of reasons, or no reason at all.  Some really have an irrational, visceral fear and loathing of firearms, as though inanimate objects have magical, evil powers—consciousness–-capable of infecting those around them and compelling them to atrocities. Though, as a result of the explicitly stated anti-liberty/gun intentions of Democrats/Socialists/Communists, and the lawlessness of their shock troops and D/S/C-ruled politicians, many D/S/Cs have become first-time gun owners. It should hardly be surprising that many such people would reflexively oppose what I’m suggesting.

Another primary issue is educrats know that if one school district, particularly one close to theirs, adopts the policies I advocate, they’ll be forced to do the same thing, because killers will be funneled away from a hard target toward their soft, virtue-signaling district.  They would actually rather their schools be far less safe than admit their political philosophies are not only wrong, but deadly.

And as I once noted, Progressive philosophy admits no failure. If a D/S/C policy such as an “assault weapon” (there is no such thing) ban, given a decade, failed to produce any public safety benefit, that can’t possibly be because the policy was a failure.  The only explanation must be the policy wasn’t in effect long enough for its wonders to become obvious, it wasn’t sufficiently leftist, not enough money was spent, they didn’t have the right “messaging” or it wasn’t enforced with sufficient fervor.  Thus do D/S/Cs eternally clamor for another “assault weapon” ban, and even more useless anti-liberty laws, which must be permanent for their wonders to become apparent.

However, the times are changing.  Not long ago, before the Heller,  McDonald and Bruen decisions finally affirmed the Second Amendment as a fundamental, unalienable American right enforceable on state and local governments, the kinds of laws now being considered and increasingly passed, such as Constitutional Carry, would have been thought impossible.  Anti-gun forces still exist, but have been somewhat stymied because the positive effects of arming the law-abiding and widespread concealed carry are striking and inescapable.  Far more firearms are in private hands than ever before, yet violent crime, particularly that committed with the use of firearms, is at historically low levels, everywhere except major cities controlled for decades by D/S/Cs. There, unconstitutional gun control laws, and efforts to abolish the police have succeeded only in disarming the law-abiding and emboldening criminals, yet D/S/Cs never stop trying to disarm the law-abiding, and the field of education is one of the last power bases of those that think societal safety equals the disarmament of the law-abiding and peaceful.

The Heller (2008), McDonald (2010) and Bruen (2022) decisions affirming the individual right to keep and bear arms in public were the result of decades of patient, dogged effort on the part of men and women determined to secure their unalienable rights.  Because of them, America is undeniably a safer place. However, the battle continues. Barack Obama tried to restrict liberty, but had only modest successes.  Hillary Clinton promised to pursue anti-liberty, gun control policies every day of her presidency, which is surely one of the reasons she lost. Joe Biden’s handlers are determined to abolish the Second Amendment, yet have had only limited success, largely because their pro-criminal policies have convinced Americans they’re on their own.  Even so, gun-free school zones—free fire zones for the deranged–remain one of liberty’s last battlegrounds.

It is little known, but many states do allow weapons on school grounds.  Liberty affirming laws are already in effect in many states, particularly those with traditions of hunting and shooting sports.  The idea of students or teachers carrying their hunting rifles and shotguns to school and leaving them locked in their cars in anticipation of an after-school hunting trip is far from a relic of the past in much of America.

When I taught at a small, rural Wyoming high school, gym classes would step out of the gym into the neighbor’s cornfield (after harvest) and practice skeet shooting. However, it must always be understood the unalienable right to self defense affirmed in the Second Amendment has nothing whatever to do with hunting or sport.  It exists for far more important purposes: the deterrence and overthrow of a tyrannical government, and self-defense.

Next Tuesday we’ll explore the results of an exhaustive active shooter study by Purdue University. I hope to see you all here.